KAIST 생명과학과동창회
  • News & Events
  • News

News

Antibiotic tolerance study paves way for new treatments


A new study identifies a mechanism that makes bacteria tolerant to penicillin and related antibiotics, findings that could lead to new therapies that boost the effectiveness of these treatments.


Antibiotic tolerance is the ability of bacteria to survive exposure to antibiotics, in contrast to antibiotic resistance, when bacteria actually grow in the presence of antibiotics. Tolerant bacteria can lead to infections that persist after treatment and may develop into resistance over time.

The study in mice, “A Multifaceted Cellular Damage Repair and Prevention Pathway Promotes High Level Tolerance to Beta-lactam Antibiotics,” published Feb. 3 in the journal EMBO Reports, reveals how tolerance occurs, thanks to a system that mitigates iron toxicity in bacteria that have been exposed to penicillin.


“We’re hoping we can design a drug or develop antibiotic adjuvants that would then basically kill off these tolerant cells,” said senior author Tobias Dörr, assistant professor of microbiology in the Weill Institute for Cell and Molecular Biology in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.


Co-authors included Ilana Brito, the Mong Family Sesquicentennial Faculty Scholar and assistant professor in the Meinig School of Biomedical Engineering in the College of Engineering, and Lars Westblade, associate professor of pathology and laboratory medicine at Weill Cornell Medicine.


Some bacteria, including the model bacterium used in the study, Vibrio cholerae, which causes cholera in humans, are remarkably tolerant to penicillin and related antibiotics, known as beta lactam antibiotics. It has been known for a long time that beta-lactam antibiotics break down bacterial cell walls, but how bacteria survive loss of their cell walls was poorly understood.


In the study, the researchers developed a V. cholerae mutant that lacked a two-component damage repair response system that controls a gene network encoding diverse functions. Without the system, known as VxrAB, when the cell wall is damaged by antibiotics, the transfer of electrons across the cell membrane goes awry, leading to electrons ending up on the wrong molecules. This misdirection causes hydrogen peroxide to accumulate in the cell, which changes the oxidation state of cellular iron and disrupts signals for the cell to tell how much iron it has.   


In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, the mutant bacteria cannot sense how much iron has been acquired, and it behaves as if it is iron-starved and seeks to acquire more iron. Left unchecked, these circumstances cause iron toxicity, which will kill the cell, according to the experiments the researchers conducted. In further tests with mutant V. cholerae bacteria, both in test tubes and in mice, the researchers showed that reducing the influx of iron increased the bacteria’s tolerance to beta lactams.


Fortunately for normal V. cholerae, exposure to antibiotics and the breakdown of the cell’s walls activate the VxrAB system, which works to repair cell walls and downregulates iron uptake systems, and thereby creates antibiotic tolerance. More study is needed to understand what triggers the VxrAB system in the presence of beta-lactam antibiotics.


The research opens the door for developing new drugs that could be combined with antibiotics to exploit oxidative damage and iron influx in tolerant bacteria. In future work, the researchers will search for parallel mechanisms of tolerance in other bacterial pathogens.


Jung-Ho Shin, a postdoctoral researcher in Dörr’s lab, is the paper’s first author. Co-authors include researchers from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and the Intelligent Synthetic Biology Center in Korea.

The study was funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea and the National Institutes of Health.


https://news.cornell.edu/stories/2021/02/antibiotic-tolerance-study-paves-way-new-treatments

https://www.miragenews.com/antibiotic-tolerance-study-paves-way-for-new-516267/



List of Articles
번호 제목 글쓴이 날짜 조회 수
329 서성배 교수님(양대욱 박사)_세종과학펠로우십 선정 생명과학과 2021.03.18 955
328 전상용 교수님_Researchers review future directions of nanomedicine development 생명과학과 2020.12.28 982
327 정인경 교수님_유전자 온-오프 스위치 비밀 밝히는 정인경 카이스트 교수 생명과학과 2021.07.26 1036
326 KAIST-원진 세포치료센터 기부 및 투자 약정 업무협약식 생명과학과 2021.02.22 1064
325 김찬혁 교수님_인공지능 이용 면역항암 세포 3차원 분석기술 개발 생명과학과 2021.02.08 1157
324 서성배 교수님(김보람 연수연구원)_제20회 한국 로레알-유네스코 여성과학자상 수상 file 생명과학과 2021.09.27 1193
323 정인경 교수님_KAIST, 전 세계 최대 규모의 3차원 암 게놈 지도 구축 생명과학과 2020.12.29 1242
322 [서성배 교수님] 육감 센서 찾는 서성배 카이스트 생명과학부 교수 생명과학과 2022.03.03 1251
321 정현정 교수님_도파민의 성질로 박테리아 생장의 실시간 탐지 기술 개발​ 생명과학과 2020.12.09 1299
320 정원석 교수님_KAIST, 신경세포의 흥분성 증가로 인한 뇌 질환 기제 규명 생명과학과 2021.06.03 1342
319 김진우 교수님_생명의 신비상 장려상 수상 생명과학과 2020.12.24 1519
318 정원석 교수님_국내 연구진, 우리 뇌가 계속 일할 수 있는 이유 밝혀 생명과학과 2021.02.26 1610
» 조병관 교수님_Antibiotic tolerance study paves way for new treatments 생명과학과 2021.02.19 1733
316 김대수 교수님_ 카이스트 교수 `뇌 과학이 인생에 필요한 순간`(브라이트) 출간 생명과학과 2021.05.04 1746
315 정원석 교수님_Astrocytes eat connections to maintain plasticity in adult brains 생명과학과 2020.12.28 1753
314 김대수 교수님_스트레스로 악화 '근긴장이상증' 억제 신약 개발…수술없는 약물치료 기대 생명과학과 2021.03.11 1773
313 서성배 교수님(김진은 석박사통합과정)_2020 대한민국 인재상 수상 생명과학과 2021.02.25 1818
312 정현정교수_ 커피링 효과로 감염병 신속진단 기술 개발 생명과학과 2020.09.17 2319
311 정원석 교수_ 삼성전자, ‘세계 알츠하이머의 날’ 맞아 연구원 노력 담은 영상 공개 생명과학과 2020.09.21 2581
310 [조병관 교수님] 이산화탄소 흡수해 아세트산 만드는 '친환경 미생물' 5종 발견 생명과학과 2022.06.17 2756
Board Pagination Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... 22 Next
/ 22